Agatha Onwuekwe


Education is the life wire of any society in that it is a process by which young people in society acquire cultural ethics, knowledge, norms and values, in fact ways of life of the people. It helps the individual to contribute meaningfully towards the growth and development of society. Oxford Advanced Learner‟s Dictionary (2000) defines education as “a process of training and instruction especially of children and young people in schools colleges etc. which is designed to give knowledge and develop skills” (p. 369). In his definition of education, Igwe (1990) says: The process of developing the individual physically, mentally, morally, spiritually and socially for his own welfare, and for the welfare of the society to which he belongs. It is the process of inculcating the cultural heritage of acquiring knowledge and ideals, of acquiring the civilization of the past so as to be able to take part in the civilization of the future. (p. 4) He further explains that education is not an ornament, but a functional instrument for developing the entire person to enable him live effectively and efficiently in society.
The National Policy on Education (2013) Section I; Sub Section 4 enumerates the Philosophy and Goals of Education in Nigeria as follows: This philosophy of Nigerian education is based on the development of the individual into a sound and effective citizen and the provision of equal opportunities for all citizens of the nation at the basic, secondary and tertiary levels both inside and outside the formal school system.

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