The Contrastive Analysis of English and Igbo Deverbal Nouns

Aloysius Umeodinka, Chinweude Ugochukwu

Abstract


The teaching of foreign languages has not been without obstacles. The books and other teaching materials in use by the teachers seem not to have been tailored to suit the exact problems of the learners. This is observed to be more pronounced in the area of nominalizations, the making or derivation of nouns, in the learning of English as a second language by the Igbo. It is against this backdrop that this paper embarks on the contrastive study of English and Igbo Deverbal Nouns. The objective of this study is to investigate English and Igbo nominalizations with the view to finding out their areas of similarities and differences so as to establish how best to facilitate the teaching and learning of the English language. The approach to be adopted is the theory of contrastive study by Lado (1957) which operates by the discovery of the interference areas between the mother tongue and the target language. The study is descriptive and has pedagogic intent. It will address issues of word formation related to nominalization, that is, how nominals are formed from Igbo verbs. Also, the work derives much strength from the analytical minds of the researchers, a team of informed native speaker insiders. The researchers find out that the English derivational morphology is multi-directional, whereas that of the Igbo language is uni-directional and from the verb. The implication of these differences is that the findings will assist curriculum and syllabus designers in deciding the contents of the teaching materials for the teachers. The areas of differences will serve as the area of emphasis for the teachers as against where there are similarities. The study has also established some similarities in regular noun formation patterns in both languages. The irregular patterns and variation areas in noun formation from verbs have been discovered. It is now left for authors and curriculum planners to come up with the right materials to facilitate English-Igbo language pedagogy.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abu-Jarad, H. (1986). English interlanguage of Palestinian

university students in Gaza strip: An analysis of relative

clause and verb tense. Unpublished PhD thesis, Ball State

University, Municie, India.

Agbedo, C. U. (2015). General linguistics: Historical and

contemporary perspectives. Nsukka: Kumcee-Ntaeshe

Press Inc.

Anagbogu, P. N. (1990). The grammar of Igbo nominalization.

Onitsha: Varsity Press.

Anagbogu, P. N., Mbah, B. M. and Eme, C. A. (2010).Introduction

to linguistics. Awka: Amaka Dreams.

Brown, H. (2007). Principles of language learning and teaching.

New York: Pearson Education, Inc.

Chidi-Onwuta, G.A and Oluikpe, B. O. A. (2016).Contrastive

linguistics: Concept and practice. Owerri: Barloz

Publishers, Inc.

Crystal, D. (1985). The Cambridge encyclopaedia of language.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Emenanjo, E. N. (2015). A grammar of contemporary Igbo

(student’s edition). Port Harcourt: M & J Grand Orbit

Communications Ltd.

Finch, G. (2000).Linguistic terms and concepts. Basingstoke,

Hamisphire: Palgrave Macmillan.

Fries, C. C. (1945).Teaching and learning English as a second

language. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Jaggar, P. (2001). Verbal nouns, deverbal nouns and infinitives.

(no place of publication). John Benjamins Publishing

Company.

Johanson, S. (1975).“The use of error analysis and contrastive

analysis”. Papers in contrastive analysis and language

testing. Lundi: Broderna Ekstrands Tryckeri A. B.

Kharma, N. & Haijaj, A. (1985).Errors in English among Arabic

speakers: Analysis and remedy. London: Longman.

Kolin, M. (1990).Understanding English grammar. Macmillan, p.

Kolin, M. (1998). Rhetorica grammar: Grammatical choices,

rhetorical effects, p.63.

Kufner, H. (1962). The grammatical structures of English and

German. Chicago : University of Chicago Press.

Lehmann, W. P. (1972). Descriptive linguistics: An introduction.

New York: Random House, Inc.

Lucy, J. (1992). Grammatical categories and cognition: A case study

of the linguistic relativity Hypothesis. Cambridge: Cambridge

University Press.

Mekiliuwa, O. (2008). An introduction to applied English linguistics.

Shomolu: Fordson part & Sons.

Mitchell, R. & Myles, S. (2004). Second language learning theories.

London: Hodder Arnold.

Nasri, A. (1997). Contrastive analysis and error analysis.Retrieved

from Eric database. ED 495903.

Odlin, T. (1994). Language transfer: Cross linguistic influence in

learning language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Oluikpe, B. (1978). English in Igboland. Onitsha: Africana.

Okolo, B. A. & Ezikeojiaku, P.A. (2012).Introduction to language

and linguistics. Port Harcourt: Sunray Publications Ltd.

Otagburu, E. J. ,Okwor, E. O., Ngonebu, C.L., Orabueze, F.O.,

Ogenyi, L.C. (2012). Basic grammar& composition course

for university students. Enugu: Snaap Press Nigeria Ltd.

Pei, M. (1965).The story of language. Mentor Book.

Prasad, T. (2012).A course in linguistics. Delhi: PHI Learning Private

Limited.

Sapir, E. (1921). Language. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Stockwell, R. & Bowen, J. (1965). The sounds of English and

Spanish. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Stockwell, R. Bowen, J. & Martin, J. (1965).The grammatical

structure of English and Spanish. Chicago: University of

Chicago.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.