Oli Nneka Perpetua, Ibekwe Christopher Chimaobi, Jack Jackson


The economic downturn of most developed economies appears to be taking some ugly tolls on weaker and dependent economies of developing societies. The paper examined the link between economic recession and migration in Nigeria. The theoretical thrust of the study is the push-pull theory. Secondary data from textbooks, journals, online and organizational publications were used. Although Nigeria is traditionally an important destination for migrants, especially in the West African sub-region, evidence has revealed that there are more people emigrating from than immigrating to Nigeria. It was found that about 1,041,284 Nigerian nationals live abroad. The factors influencing migration of Nigerians include, rising unemployment, poverty, lack of economic opportunities, dearth of basic socio-economic infrastructures, and insecurity. However, the propensity to emigrate is particularly high among the highly skilled, hence about 10.7% of them who were trained in Nigeria work abroad. The resultant effect is the human and capital exportation to foreign lands. Therefore, the study recommended that government should lessen dependence on oil and diversify, especially into agriculture as to create more jobs. The fight against terror should be intensified as to restore sense of safety and secured socio-economic environment. Lastly, social amenities should be continously made available and maintained to discourage mass emigration.

Full Text:



Aboderin, I. (2007). Contexts, motives and experiences of Nigerian overseas nurses: Understanding links to globalization. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 16(12), 34-49. Adedayo, O. O. (1997). The resettlement of Liberian refugees in Nigeria: A spatial-social and temporal analysis of Oru Refugee Centre, Oru Ijebu. M.Sc. Thesis Submitted to the Department of Geography, University of Ibadan. Afolayan, A. A., Ikwuyatum, G. O. & Abejide, O. (2008). Dynamics of international migration in Nigeria: A review of literature. Country Paper: Nigeria, 1-45. Awulor, I. (2016). Mass sack in the banking sector. The Pointer. Retrieved 18th April, 2017, from BBC (2016). Nigerian economy slips into recession. Retrieved 2nd April, 2017, from Brummer, D. (2002). Labor migration and HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa. IOM Regional Office for Southern Africa. Clemens, M. A. & Pritchett, L. (2007). Income per natural: Measuring development for People rather than places. Population & Development Review, 34(3): 395–434. Docquier, F. & Marfouk, J. (2006). The wage effects of immigration and emigration. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper, No. 16543. Docquier, F., Marchiori, L. & Shen. I. L. (2010). Brain drain in globalization: A general equilibrium analysis from the sending countries’ perspective. CEPR Discussion Paper, No. 7682. DRC (2007). Migration and the financial crisis: How will the downturn affect migrants? Migration DRC Policy Brief No. 17. University of Sussex: Development Research Centre on Migration, Globalisation and Poverty. Eboreime, I. M. & Njoku, A. (2015). Evaluating poverty eradication in development interventions: A case study from Nigeria. Retrieved 30th March, 2017, from ECE (2000). Migration and reasons. European Communities Edition working Paper, No. 17329. European Communities (2000). Push and pull factors of international migration: A comparative report. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities Fapohunda, T. M. (2012). The global economic recession: Impact and strategies for human resources management in Nigeria. International Journal of Economics & Management Sciences, 1(6), 07-12. Ibenegbu, G. (2017). Сauses of economic recession in Nigeria. Retrieved 29th March, 2017, from IOM (2009). Migration in Nigeria: A country profile 2009. IOM Publication, December 31st. Retrieved 20th April, 2017, from Kahn, K., Collison, M., Tollman, S., Wolff, B., Garenne, M. & Clark. S. (2003). Health consequences of migration: Evidence from South Africa’s Rural Northeast (Agincourt). Conference Paper Presented on African Migration in Comparative Perspective, Johannesburg, Sounth Africa, 4-7. Labo, A. (2016). The motivation and integration of immigrants in the Nigeria-Niger border area: A study of Magama-Jibia. Trans-Border Studies, pp.1-32. Retrieved 3rd April, 2017, from

Lurie, M. (2000). Migration and AIDS in Southern Africa: A Review. South African Journal of Science, 96(4), 343-347. Magaji, H. (2016). Reality Check: How economic recession affects the common man. Financial Watch. Retrieved 14th April, 2017, from Muktar, M. (2011). Poverty alleviation as machinery for economic re-construction in Nigeria. Retrieved 22nd March, 2017, from Muniz, O., Li, W. & Schleicher, Y. (2015). Migration conceptual framework: Why do people move to work in another place or country? Retrieved 19th April, 2017, from _Jan10_print.html NBS (2012). Nigeria poverty profile, 3-30. Retrieved 12th March, 2017, from http:/ NBS (2016). Nigeria unemployment rate profile, 2006-2017. Retrieved 25th April, 2017 from Ndukwe, O. (2016). Economic impact of migration: Benefit or burden? Retrieved 28th March 2017, from NOIPolls (2016). US And UK top list of countries most Nigerians abroad reside in: Key reason for migration is for economic opportunities. Retrieved 29th December, 2017, from Noko E. (2016). Economic recession in Nigeria: Causes and solution. Retrieved 28th March 2017, from Nwajiuba C. (2005). International migration and livelihoods in southeastern Nigeria: Global Migration Perspectives. Retrieved 20th March 2017, from Obasanho, S. (2016). Recession in Nigeria: What are the effects? Retrieved 21st April, 2017, from Obialo, G. R. & Museckaite, R. (2008). Reasons for Nigerian people migration to Europe. International Social Science Basic Studies. House 21.1, Roskilde University. OECD (2014). Is migration good for the economy? Migration Policy Debates. Retrieved 17th April, 2017, from ero%202.pdf Onuoha, F. C. (2014). A danger not to Nigeria alone: Boko Haram's transnational reach and regional responses. Abuja: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Publication. Opeyemi, M. G. (2008). The restiveness Of the Nigerian youth and the problem of unemployment in the new dispensation. Ohio: Laramaid Publications. Orozco, M. (2009). Migration and remittances in times of recession: Effects on Latin American economies. Washington, DC: Interâ€American Dialogue, pp. 1-29. System Administrator (2016). Migration push/pull Factors. Retrieved 5th March 2017, from

Tinuke, M. F. (2012). The global economic recession: Impact and strategies for human resources management in Nigeria. International Journal of Economics & Management Sciences, 1(6), 07-12. Tuttle, B. (2017). Here's what really happened to jobs during the Obama years. Retrieved June 5th, 2017, from UNDP (2009). Migration and human development. New York: United Nations Development Program. Vanguard (December 15th, 2015). 2016 Budget and poverty alleviation: Matters arising. Retrieved 11th April 2017, from WEO (2012). IMF World Economic Outlook (WEO) update: Contractionary forces receding but weak recovery ahead. Retrieved 27th April, 2017, from World Bank (2009). The crisis hitting the poor hard in developing world. World Bank News. sFebruary 12th


  • There are currently no refbacks.